Lesson #11. The Future tense

In the Ukrainian language are several possible forms of the future tense. We distinguish them as perfective and imperfective forms.

Note: If you want to find out about these forms but in the Past tense, please check this article out  IMPERFECTIVE AND PERFECTIVE FORMS OF THE VERB

What is the common point between these sentences?

1. Він напише роман

2. Він писатиме роман

3. Він буде писати роман

Right, all three sentences are in the Future tense. But what is the difference between them? I’ll help you to understand.

Let’s take the sentence number 1. Він напише роман. We call this form Perfective future. It means that action will be completed entirely. Usually we add the time markers. Here are some of them: today – сьогодні, at 2 o’clock – о другій годині, in the morning – вранці … and so on. Or in the question, like When? – Коли? When will he write a novel? – Коли він напише роман? Because we want to know when this action will be finished.

THE FORMATION OF THE PERFECTIVE FUTURE:

As the general rule, you have to conjugate a verb in present and add a prefix.

я напишу

ти порозмовляєш

він /вона / воно з’їсть

ми погуляємо

ви прочитаєте

вони попрацюють

But there are different types of prefixes that you have to learn with the time. We will talk about them later. Here is the list of some other verbs in the future:

я почну – I will begin

ти зрозумієш – you will understand

він подивиться – he will watch

ми вивчемо – we will learn

ви зробите – you will do

вони послухають – they will listen to

Now, let’s have a look at the second and the third sentences. 2. Він писатиме роман. 3. Він буде писати роман. We call this Imperfective future. In these both two examples we don’t know when the action will be completed. Usually we add the time markers, like soon – скоро, after a while – незабаром … and so on.

To know more are some possible time markers, read lesson #7.

THE FORMATION OF THE IMPERFECTIVE FUTURE:

The first one is to add the endings to infinitives:

я писатиму

ти розмовлятимеш

він /вона / воно їстиме

ми гулятимемо

ви читатимете

вони працюватимуть

The second one is to conjugate the verb “to be” – “бути” in the future and then add the infinitive of the verb that you want to put in the future.

я буду + писати

ти будеш + розмовляти

він /вона / воно буде + їсти

ми будемо + гуляти

ви будете + читати

вони будуть + працювати

There is no difference in usage between these two formations.

Advertisements

2 Comments

  1. After learning Ukrainian for over a decade, I’m shocked I’ve never heard pig the -mu -mesh future! Thank you!

    Is it currently used? Is it used more in any regions? Is it more spoken or written?

    1. Thank you for reading my article. I think that synthetic construction of the future tense (-mu -mesh… ) people use more in western regions, and the other one (to be in future + infinitive) people use more in eastern regions, as this structure came from the Russian language. The first structure can be both spoken and written.

Comments

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s